Ensuring that vehicles are driven safely and parked correctly can be problematic to control. However, where necessary rules should be developed and staff should be made aware of these rules. These may include:. Rules and procedures need to be communicated to all users. This can be achieved by the use of appropriate signage in the parking area for employees and visitors alike or by the internal means of communication utilised by the organisation.
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It is recognised that one of the main hazards in car parks is over-parking. Clearly thought needs to be given to usage of the parking area and the maximum number of vehicles allowed. As mentioned above, it may be necessary to carefully control numbers and allocate parking spaces to specific persons. This could be achieved by the use of proximity readers to only allow access to authorised users. This can include measures such as encouraging the use of other means of transport and car sharing.
However, in doing so, the employer should give consideration to the security of, for example, bicycles left by employees in car park areas. Those using and working in car parks eg parking attendants can be vulnerable in them. In terms of the latter, employees have a legal obligation to consider the safety of any employees working in a car park and should undertake a risk assessment for such activities. A number of hazards may have to be considered including:.
Multi-storey car parks
Appropriate control measures should be adopted for the above, depending on the level of risks determined by the assessment process. Two keys areas highlighted by the scheme guidance are the need to control the perimeter to the car parking area so that it acts as a deterrent and provides clear demarcation for users. The second key area is the management of the car park.
Guidance in the scheme provides useful information on how to improve security in parking areas that the organisation may use. This is based upon a number of aspects including:. The HSE provides a number of recommendations and suggest that regular physical inspections should be undertaken at different times of the day and in different weather conditions.
This is to assess how effectively site practices are being adopted and to ensure outdoor environmental conditions are not creating any hazards. It also recommends that as part of the monitoring process, users of the car park should be engaged with to ascertain any problems they encounter when using the car park that the physical inspection may not necessarily identify.
General good housekeeping is also important because if obstructions are left blocking traffic routes, or if driving or walking surfaces become littered, slippery or too dirty, they may cause significant risks to health and safety. All ancillary equipment should be subject to appropriate inspection and maintenance procedures. This may include, for example, automated gates or barriers, lighting, CCTV, payment machines. A risk assessment should be completed on the car park taking account of how the car park area is used; access requirements, location, physical features benchmarked against best practice and management procedures.
Fire safety in car park areas should also be subject to a risk assessment under the Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order Personal safety of car park users should be given consideration and can be included in the main risk assessment or completed as a separate security risk assessment. Car park safety is not just about the installation of physical measures. Good management is also essential to ensure appropriate procedures are utilised for both ongoing use and maintenance.
Park Mark information can be found at www. Last reviewed 17 July Skip to main content. Home Feature Articles Safety and car parks. Ranging from spaces over two levels to spaces over six levels. We have a detailed understanding of the particular requirement of car park structures and the structural design in accordance with the IStructE design recommendations for multi-storey and underground car parks.
We have incorporated basement car parks into numerous schemes and our ability to track individual parking manoeuvres allows us to optimise the amount of parking that can be achieved from limited space. The circa space 3-storey car park is a split level design comprising of a ground floor and two upper decks on both sides.
The car park tied into the existing on-site road network and was constructed next to a live watercourse which had to be diverted in order to accommodate the structure and form a new nature walk.
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Column free and generously sized parking bays were accommodated through the use of long span cellular beams made composite with bespoke precast concrete planks. New brickwork clad car park with long spanning cell beams utilising pre cast concrete floor slabs, and external car parking housing approximately spaces. This project included a particularly challenging steel work ramp design due to an especially narrow sweep. A two storey steel framed car parking facility housing circa spaces.
Composite beam design was used to minimise beam depths and maximise head heights for under-croft parking.
A large cut and fill exercise dictated the need for a 4m high gabion wall at the rear of the car park. A heater mat was installed to the ramp to ensure safe access during all weather conditions. This project saw the design of a single level car park to provide parking spaces.
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Related Design recommendations for multi-storey and underground car parks
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